The Sunday Leader

Corruption Perception, S.L. 97th out of 180

Sri Lanka stands 97th out of 180 in Transparency International’s Corruption Perception Index (C.P.I.). Sri Lanka’s ranking last year was 93.
C.P.I. ranks countries/territories in terms of the degree to which corruption is perceived to exist among public officials and politicians.
Country scores are indicated on a scale of 0 to 10, with 0 being the lowest and 10 being the highest score. The country with the highest score tops the list.
Sri Lanka’s score this year was 3.1, while its score last year was 3.2.
The Failed State Index (F.S.I.) assesses the vulnerability of the risk of violence in states by measuring political, economic and social stability of countries on an annual basis.
There are 177 states included in this year’s (2009) index.
Somalia tops the list with a score of 114.7 out of 120, indicating it’s the most vulnerable country to violence in the world. Norway ranks 177th with a score of 18.3, indicating it’s the least vulnerable to the risk of violence.
Sri Lanka is ranked 22nd out of 177 countries with a score of 96.7. While Sri Lanka’s ranking year on year has improved from 20 to 22nd, its score has deteriorated from 95.6 to 96.7.
Sri Lanka’s scores are particularly high in indicators such as group grievance which indicates patterns of atrocities committed with impunity against communal groups singled out by state authorities (scores 9.8 out of 10), refugees (9.3) and human rights (9.2). However, this is a reflection of the country situation between May and December of last year (2008), during which time the country was at war.
Under the Control of Corruption Index (2008), Sri Lanka comes within the 50-75th percentile, while countries such as Norway and Hong Kong come between the 90-100th percentile.
Under the index of State Weakness in the Developing World which was introduced for the first time last year (2008), and assesses 141 developing countries, Somalia occupied the 1st position with an overall score of 0.52. Slovak Republic which was ranked 141st, scored 9.41 indicating the best position of the lot.
According to the index, Sri Lanka is ranked 56th with an overall score of 5.94, categorising it as a weak state.
Sri Lanka scored 6.32 under  economic indicators, 5.47 under political indicators and 3.38 under security.
The security score is a particularly low score, which reflects the security situation at the time of the study, i.e. before the war was over.
Sri Lanka scores 8.59 on social welfare, which is a relatively high score in comparison to its other scores.
Sri Lanka’s score has also significantly dropped in the indicator voice and accountability of the World Governance Indicators. This alarming, as citizens’ voice, i.e. their ability to communicate their views and priorities to their representatives is a prerequisite for good governance.
Similarly, accountability as reflected in the government’s preparedness to stand up to public scrutiny is a key component of good governance. Poor ratings of this indicator should be a red flag to the government.  (Transparency International)

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