The Sunday Leader

The Power Generation Mix

  • There still seem to be no comprehensive plans in sight as Sri Lanka looks at alternative power sources

by Ifham Nizam

Norochcholai coal power plant

Despite reports that the proposed second coal-fired, Indian-backed power plant in Sampur, Trincomaleee would be converted into a Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) plant, a top official of the Ceylon Electricity Board (CEB) and senior electrical engineer stressed that there won’t be a such a move by the Board.

CEB Chairman Anura Wijayapala told The Sunday Leader that in case they decided to go for a LNG plant, it would be located in Colombo or in close proximity to Colombo.Wijayapala says that going by recent experience, especially with the technical issues with coal fired plants, LNG has come up as a better option.

Wijayapala also said that there was no truth in recent reports (not in The Sunday Leader) about the Government having discussions with India and Japan to convert the proposed coal-fired power plant in Sampur from coal to Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG).

The CEB Chief said exerting pressure to stop the on-going plans for the Sampur coal power plant which will generate 500MW of power is useless when Sri Lanka is surrounded by many other coal power plants in the region where power generation is over 100,000 megawatts, particularly those in the Indian sub-continent. He said that Sri Lanka, while looking to minimise coal, would focus more on renewables to meet its energy needs for the next three to five years, as alternatives offered by gas-fired power generation remain too costly.


LNG facilities and distribution lacking

However, CEB engineers believe that LNG facilities and distribution systems are still lacking. More urgently, plans for coal and renewable generation, as well as the cross-border energy trade with India have yet to be firmed up.

“We believe that oil will gradually become less significant in the Sri Lankan power generation mix, as the government appears to be putting well-thought policies in place and private sector investors appear more confident of the country’s business environment,” an engineer said.

Sri Lanka relies most significantly on oil, hydropower and increasingly, coal, generation to meet the country’s electricity demand, but has looked to the possibility of introducing LNG generation, which thus far has been excluded because of the lack of infrastructure and high cost of fuel vis-a-vis coal prices.

In part, this reflects the country’s improving economic outlook which should see electricity demand rise as well.

Science, Technology and Research Minister Susil Premajayantha strongly believes that Sri Lanka does not need more coal-fired power plants. He called for a switch to natural gas and renewable energy.

Premjayantha has, from the time he was Minister of Power and Energy, Environment and Natural Resources, stressed that the country should mix its energy needs rather than depend on one source and at the same time give priority to green energy.

At a media briefing at Sethsiripaya in Battaramulla earlier this week, the minister stressed that shortcomings and loopholes in the initial energy planning and management was one of the prime causes for problems and issues leading to an energy crisis.He stated that Sri Lanka has sufficient coal-fired power plants and it is high time to shift towards other energy resources. Premajayantha also said that since the world gas prices were now at its lowest, the country could use natural gas instead of coal power and also it could use the gas found in the Mannar basin. The minister believes that the LNG found in the Mannar basin would be sufficient to run a 600 MW power plant for 25 years. Stressing that solar power could be added to the national grid without any dangerous gases that pollute the environment, Minister Premajayantha said,”The problem now is that the base load of the national electricity supply was given by coal and oil though earlier it had been hydro-power.

I am against this trend. That is the reason why it takes such a long period to restart the plants and restore the country’s power after a power outage like in recent incidents,” he added. He also said the Science and Technology Ministry had taken steps to train some 3000 undergraduates and technical officers to assist them to operate the high-tech solar power plants that would be made by using silica similar to glass windows in houses or buildings.


Ruling out the possibility to convert

Meanwhile, some engineers ruled out the possibility of converting all thermal power plants in the country to LNG fuelled projects.

A senior engineer said that three feasibility studies were done some time back on the possibility of converting thermal plants into LNG, however, the result was unfavourable. “One study was done with the support of a Japanese firm. This too, proved unsuccessful,” he added.

He said that they were aware that certain institutions were conducting feasibility studies.

“What we want is transparency and the involvement of CEB officials in these studies. Past experience shows that some institutions always try not to be transparent because of the hidden costs involved. We don’t want to burden consumers with such costs,” he said.

He also said that when Patali Champika Ranawaka who is an electrical engineer himself was Power and Energy Minister, there were cautions about institutions that looked for short-cuts and quick revenue.

Ranawaka, as the then Power and Energy Minister was on record saying said that the government would decide on the conversion shortly.  However, he said, the prime issue that needed to be addressed was the transportation of the LNG.

“LNG has to be compressed to be transported and has to be then transformed to a liquid gas to be used in the plant,” another engineer said. He said that the government needs to decide on whether the country should opt for a fixed or floating LNG terminal. Constructing a fixed terminal would take time, while the floating option could be initiated almost immediately.

LNG would cost much less than diesel and its carbon dioxide emissions were one third of that emitted by coal power plants. Studies have also revealed that the country may have the necessary LNG resources soon. “The drilling for oil in the Mannar Basin has already commenced and they have found gas as well. Therefore, we may easily find the necessary resources to operate LNG plants too,” an official said. It is understood that that conversion would involve some 800 MWs of electricity currently generated through thermal power.


World Renowned expert on Sri Lanka’s Wind Potential

World renowned Sri Lankan-born Professor I M Dharmadasa, who is a professor of electronic materials and devices at Sheffield Hallam University in the United Kingdom, says Sri Lanka has the largest drip irrigation system and is identified as the hot spot of solar energy applications. He went to say that his vision is to go for renewable energy.

Professor Dharmadasa has been doing research on solar energy conversion over the past three decades and has been promoting renewable energy applications over the past two decades. At a seminar organised by the Sustainable Energy Authority of Sri Lanka, Professor Dharmadasa described how solar power could assist in the social and economic development of Sri Lanka, using various applications at different power levels.

He said the largest impact in the short-term will come from drip-irrigation and community water pumping systems, combined with `Solar Village’ concepts introduced recently for social development.

One of the most effective ways to re-settle war-affected people and to develop the entire country would be by the installation of such systems, as a first wave of actions to improve agriculture and enhance food production, he says. In the second wave of actions, small industries would be established to benefit from an enhanced food production process, and a healthy export business would be developed. Other large-scale solar power applications are also presented and relevant recommendations are made in order for Sri Lanka to move towards an energy independent and fully developed country.


The way forward with solar energy

One of the first commercial uses of solar cells in the late 1950s was as a power source for space satellites. Later, in the 1970s a large expansion was seen into small power applications such as calculators and wrist watches. These power requirements were less than 1W, but larger systems appeared in remote communication centers and satellites. In the future, these applications will continue to thrive and solar cells based on organic materials will have a place in low-power applications. Professor Dharmadasa said one third of the world’s population, more than two billion people, are not connected to power grids and therefore their lighting requirements are mainly based on kerosene oil. The PV industry has developed stand-alone solar home systems powered by a ~50 W solar panel. These systems provide basic needs like lighting and power for the radio and television, and to improve health, education and the standard of living for the poorest sections of the population.

The television is the main attraction for rapid market penetration of this system. In Sri Lanka, about 20 per cent of the population has no electricity from the grid and these applications have been growing rapidly over the past two to three decades.

In the early 1990s one or two local companies were struggling to install these systems, without making profits, but today 13 such companies install these systems round the country making a profitable business.

There are about 130,000 solar home systems installed in the country at present, and this is equivalent to ~6.5 MW power generation eliminating power cables. The local solar energy companies are currently creating new jobs for young people and install about 2000 solar home systems per month.

He said this rate seems to be very impressive, but Sri Lanka has about one million rural homes that cannot be easily served by the national grid, and it would take about 40 years to complete village electrification using solar power at the current rate. To achieve full village electrification in five years, an eight-fold expansion of the solar power sector is required.

Both expansion of existing companies and an increase of the number of solar energy companies within Sri Lanka are urgently needed. Concentrating on a `large number of small systems will have a huge impact at this stage for the most needy people in Sri Lanka.

In current solar home systems, low power fluorescent lamps are used with DC electricity. Over the coming years domestic lighting is likely to be replaced by low power Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs), also operating on DC electricity, with minimal power. The establishment of the Regional Centre for Energy Efficient Lighting (RCEEL) in April 2009 in Colombo by Sri Lanka Sustainable Energy Authority (SLSEA) with the support from USAID is the right way forward for sustainable development in this field. With the introduction of LEDs for domestic lighting, the solar home systems now popular in rural areas in developing countries will have applications in developed countries. Also such LED lamps can be powered by one or two solar panels fixed on roofs in developed regions, creating a large demand for solar energy application companies.

In addition to the solar home systems, there are numerous applications in the 50 W power range; street lighting, solar lanterns, solar powered parking ticket machines, and traffic lights are only some.

Being an agricultural country with about 80 percent of the population living in villages, Sri Lanka is likely to experience rapid development in food production with small drip-irrigation systems powered with one solar panel of ~100 W. This requires only a solar panel with 10 percent conversion efficiency. At present, Sri Lanka has the largest solar powered drip-irrigation programme in the world, introduced by the Ministry of Agriculture. Five thousand systems have been distributed in the dry zone and some of them are used very effectively to produce crops, increasing additional income for village families.

However, during the survey carried out in September 2008 by Professor Dharmadasa and 80 Geography final year students led by Dr.Krishan Deheragoda – former Chairman of SLSEA, it was found that many systems are still not being used. The authorities who distributed 5000 drip-irrigation systems must urgently carry out a review of these, with the aim of getting as many as possible working. More systems should be installed in every part of Sri Lanka among village communities. There is an additional problem in that distributors of agricultural products seem to be making inflated profits. This must be rectified so that benefits are returned to producers through higher margins and to customers from lower-end prices. Although the additional power produced by these 5000 systems at the place of energy requirement is only 0.5 MW, the impact of these by wealth creation, social development and reduction of poverty is substantial.

The drip-irrigation system would be an excellent way of re-settling small groups of war-affected people in the North and the East. These people would re-settle quickly in their villages and become involved in the production of food. The Jaffna peninsula is slowly becoming a desert, and the sand and palm trees are the early sign of this natural process.

Drip-irrigation using the sunshine available will quickly settle down internally displaced people (IDPs), create food we require and slow down the detrimental desertification. Introduction of organised tree planting projects will convert this sandy land to a `green carpet (haritha piyasa) converting this arid area to a pleasant oasis.

A solar powered drip-irrigation system is an excellent method to re-settle war affected people rapidly, improve agricultural crops, stop desertification in the North and convert the country into an eco-tourist centre, believes Professor Dharmadasa. Speaking on solar applications in (500-1000) W range, he said there are numerous applications in this power range.

An 800 W system has been installed at Hunugallewa School in Galgamuwa Electorate to power computers in the school.  The school has no electricity from the national grid, but about 850 school children benefit from this modern facility to learn using new technologies.

Information Technology (IT) is the key to modern society and all school children should be exposed to these new technologies from their early stages of studies. During the survey carried out in September 2008, the team from Sri Jayewardenapura University (SJU) used this school premises to have their picnic lunch and observe the new developments.

He said the 80 university students who participated in this survey, came from different parts of the country, and were very impressed by the way the school buildings were embedded among the indigenous fruit trees such as mango and others, producing a cooling effect.


8 Comments for “The Power Generation Mix”

  1. Eng.M.V.R.Perera

    All these proposals are unrealistic as all these countries have become rich on coal fueled electricity and the Act No 20 of 2009 specifically lays down that the national electricity policy is least cost electricity as such how can any parliamentarian suggest plans against our country’s laws which they themselves made as they all get free electricity they are unaware that we have one of the highest priced electricity in the world if their plans are carried out this UNP government would not last another 2 years for no investor would come to Sri lanka because of the high price of electricity

  2. Eng.M.V.R.Perera

    Please find the 1st page of Electricity Act No 20 of 2009 copied below
    OF 2002 AND THE ELECTRICITY AcT (Chapter 205) ; AND FOR
    WHEREAS a national policy on electricity had been
    enabling Sri Lanka to meet the
    Increasing demands for electricity in the future
    AND WHEREAS it has become necessary to give effect to
    this policy by regulating the generation, transmission,
    distribution, supply and use of electricity in Sri Lanka and
    by providing for certain related matters:

    NOW THEREFORE, be it enacted by the Parliament
    of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka as

    1. This Act may be cited as the Sri Lanka Electricity Act, Short title.
    No. 20 of 2009.

    • bandito

      ” it has become necessary to give effect to this `policy” called act.

      This is the same as estimate or bona fide. when its a policy.
      Policy matters are negotiable.

      They have the right to negotiate LNG.
      3 world class Italian energy companies have visited too and they too mean business.

      “”LNG plant, it would be located in Colombo or in close proximity to Colombo.”However, CEB engineers believe that LNG facilities and distribution systems are still lacking”" which is colombo harbour.”"

      That is extending the stupidity.- there is malaysia, australia, Indonesia they are the world leaders 2,3 and,5 all facing Trinco not Colombo so the contractor can lay the necessary facilities for imports and export of electricity to wherever.

      “assist them to operate the high-tech solar power plants that would be made by using silica similar to glass windows in houses or buildings.”

      Presumably you are not aware that these chinese silica product has to be replenished every 3 years. And you are challenging 25 years. When all he said was the price is low and will remain so. At a later date he would extract Manner if and when necessary.- if the cost of the whole setup can be recovered in X years that is what matters- heard of biodegradable buildings?? When the money is recovered the building is useless for occupier- get another Validity of building 20 years manufactured Swiss.

  3. Eng.M.V.R.Perera

    any one can obtained from the internet that the cost of LNG fueled electricity is two and a half times the cost of coal fueled electricity

  4. Siri

    Dear Mr. Professor, In mother Lanka, all the energy professionals, experts, CEB, government and private decisions markers and politicians as far as energy is concerned are not in this world, for that matter. living far away in the real way gone dark ages, and don’t know a clue about what’s going on in the real now a day’s energy world. Just NATO, no action talk only. Before going further to the main subjects, let me highlight few things for all’s information for CEB supposed to be have 1500 engineers and how smart they are in providing the nation’s energy. The electrical power being used in the Boston area in the USA is brought in by a single cable of 1500 miles long with 2% power loss, from the hydro electric dams in Northern Ontario, Canada. Few years back, one Indian engineer known to me, working for Siemens which had the contract to maintain the substations and supply circuits for Dubai Electricity Company, said they have apart from the main circuit additional three back circuits to maintain constant power supply, if one fails the other takes over automatically in a blink of an eye. No one notice there is a power failure. In Sweden, the entire power generation net work of 18 hydroelectric dams are controlled from one central control center manned by only two persons. From these dams, they get cheap energy for more than their needs. This is the reason Facebook has set up their cloud servers there in a 300,000 sq ft facility. In the US, they are going to double their power supply without adding new capacity by upgrading their grid to smart grid and using energy efficient bulbs, appliances and equipment and machinery. Gas is cheap, plenty and current world’s reserve would last for hundreds of years, particularly in the US, their is a glut and prices are historically lowest. To take advantage of this, they are converting their entire fleet of municipality trucks, passenger and good transportation vehicles , even converting coal power plants to gas. Also they are converting gas import facilities to export to Asia – China, Japan, Korea and India. In Morocco, they and the Saudi’s are setting up a solar plant the size of three hundred soccer fields. There intention, first to them, next with several other plants to supply to Europe with under water cables through the Mediterranean. In India, in Gujarat, Mr. Modi is building a solar plant the size of Manhattan Island. Now to the subject. Solar going to be the king of energy. It’s going to push oil, coal and nuclear energy to the dust bin. It’s cheap and plenty. Only one time investment to set it up with regular maintenance, and solar energy is free and clean unlike oil, coal and nuclear. Thanks to a stunning breakthrough in chemical engineering…These tiny sand granules have unlocked an unlimited supply of fuel…Enough fuel, in fact, to power the ENTIRE PLANET for over 36,000 years. And the cost of this fuel is absolutely zero. It’s free. The incredible thing is, this is a “universal fuel.” It can be used for everything…It can power your car…Light and heat your home…Run factories…Propel cruise ships…t can even power the ENTIRE U.S. electrical grid…According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), this fuel could soon become the #1 source of energy on the planet… surpassing oil, gas, and coal power. USA Today says this fuel is “sizzling hot”…And Forbes magazine simply calls the opportunity “massive”..Jon Wellinghoff, one of the world’s top energy experts and Chairman of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), says the use of this fuel is… “…growing so fast it’s going to overtake everything… It could double every two years.” – Jon Wellinghoff, Chairman, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission This fuel is so cheap – and so easily accessible – that Fortune 500 companies are rushing to set up their own “power companies.”Google, for example, is investing $300 million to do it…Apple is investing nearly $1 billion! Everywhere you look, America’s biggest companies are going all in… including: Facebook, Amazon, AT&T, General Motors, Costco, Target, Cisco, FedEx, KaiserPermanente, Johnson & Johnson.And many more Fortune 500 companies are pouring money into this fuel at an almost unfathomable pace. Why? Because it’s suddenly become so cheap, companies can invest millions UP FRONT, and still come out way ahead of the utility companies. In fact, Walmart’s investment in this fuel is so enormous – and so cost-effective – the giant global retailer is projected to SAVE as much as $1 billion annually on energy costs. And that’s just the beginning…This free fuel can be “harvested” in most parts of the world… in huge quantities… and WITHOUT drilling, mining, or growing grain for ethanol or any other crazy biofuel. According to data from the U.S. Department of Energy, this fuel is so plentiful and powerful that in one single week it can produce 1,000 times more energy than oil, natural gas, and coal do in a full year – combined! And the man behind this breakthrough? He’s one of the greatest geniuses of the 20th century… responsible for the television, remote control, garage-door opener, laser, DVD…Yet it’s this discovery that will go down as THE SINGLE MOST IMPORTANT contribution to mankind ever. A new energy hierarchy has emerged, and this new fuel is the undisputed King of the Realm.., and it’s solar. The incredible thing is, the science behind this free fuel is NOT new. Physicists have known about unlimited free fuel for over 100 years. The problem is, they just couldn’t get it beyond the laboratory. Until now. Revolutionary breakthroughs have cut the cost of harvesting this fuel by over 99%…And suddenly, this fuel is so cheap that major U.S. utility companies – including the nation’s largest power company, PG&E – are desperately lobbying Congress trying to stamp it out before it decimates their fat profits. But that’s not going to happen. At this moment, an unprecedented alliance of billionaire investors…World governments…And giant corporations…Are pushing this fuel into the mainstream at breakneck speed. The U.S. Department of Defense – the largest energy consumer in the world – committed $7 billion in one day alone to put this fuel to use…Showing it’s VITAL to America’s national security and energy independence. China is already using this fuel to replace oil, gas, and coal at a frenetic pace. India is expanding its use of this fuel by 3,300% and building a new “fuel-ready” power plant the size of Manhattan! And even Saudi Arabia – a country with enough cheap oil to last for 100 years – is investing a staggering $109 billion to commercialize this new energy.This fuel is so cheap… so abundant… and so easy to access… that the Saudi oil minister, Ali Al-Naimi, says the country could COMPLETELY STOP using oil and gas.The reason is simple. This Fuel Makes Oil Obsolete! No matter where you look, no matter which expert you ask, the consensus today is the same.This fuel’s TOTAL DOMINANCE of the global energy markets is inevitable…In the coming months and years, this MASSIVE INVESTMENT is going to completely reshape the world energy structure. It’s also going to create unprecedented wealth…Right now, this fuel is just a tiny niche sector, worth about $60 billion. It accounts for less than 1% of the global energy market. It’s less than one-fifth the size of Exxon.But that’s all about to change…Based on projections by the International Energy Agency, we calculate that $48 trillion could potentially pour into this niche in the coming years.That’s a growth rate of 80,000%. You see, at the center of this energy revolution sits one tiny company that’s about to go from virtual obscurity to household name. Their revolutionary technology has completely transformed the way this fuel is harvested. At the same time, they have over 130 patents protecting their market share. To say this company is in the driver’s seat would be an understatement of epic proportions. At this moment, every major energy player on the planet is banging on their door looking for cheap energy. Their client roster is a “who’s who” of global energy players, and they are poised for a global rollout of unprecedented proportions In short, the upside is staggering…Remember, Google, Walmart, Facebook, Apple, and the U.S. Department of Defense are making massive investments into solar. And with 130 patents, this company is in the driver’s seat. Already, cities, companies, and countries from around the globe – the biggest energy consumers on the planet – are rushing to harness this company’s innovative technology. In fact, demand for their patented technology is so off-the-charts extraordinary, they’ve set up offices around the world to handle the overflow. I’m talking about China… India… Brazil… Mexico… Japan… the United Kingdom… Germany… and even Saudi Arabia. Right now we are in the midst of a global transformation that would have been unimaginable just a few months ago. Thanks to a remarkable technological breakthrough, a powerful fuel is transforming the global energy markets…And changing the world in the process. This amazing fuel is not only abundant and limitless… it’s now dirt cheap. And oftentimes…It’s cheaper than natural gas…It’s cheaper than coal…It’s cheaper than oil…More importantly, the supply of this fuel is virtually infinite, vast enough to power the ENTIRE GLOBE for the next 36,000 years. As I mentioned, this fuel, in its raw form, is not new. The initial discovery that turns it into energy was made over 100 years ago. But because harvesting costs were astronomical, it has never been a viable alternative to oil, gas, coal, or nuclear power. Until now…Stunning developments have cut costs by over 99%…And positioned this fuel as the new King of the Energy World. . Every single one of them is transitioning out of oil, gas, and coal… and into this limitless free energy. Until a few months ago, this would have been unthinkable. And yet it’s happening. Right now. FAST! There’s just no turning back. Industry experts – including the IEA and the U.S. Department of Energy – project that in the coming years… This fuel will stand as the #1 source of energy on the planet… Bigger than natural gas. Bigger than coal. Bigger than oil. Based on IEA projections, we believe this brand new sector could see 80,000% growth in the coming years. At the center of this massive, unprecedented expansion… sits one tiny company with patented technology to make it all happen. Already, this company has locked down deals with the biggest energy users on the planet. And surging demand has prompted them to set up offices around the globe in places like China, India, Brazil, Mexico, Japan, and even Saudi Arabia simply to handle the overflow! The Greatest Thinker of the 20th Century! He’s the most accomplished scientific genius in the history of the world… Like I mentioned, he is responsible for the TV and everything from remote controls to DVDs. But this achievement will go down as his greatest ever. Not only does it solve the world’s energy problems, but also it could save the planet itself. I’m talking about Albert Einstein, Time magazine’s “Person of the 20th Century”…Now, when most folks think of Einstein, they think of his Theory of Relativity… Or his groundbreaking formula: E=mc2… Or his Quantum Light Theory, which led to the TV, remote controls, CDs, and lasers. However, his GREATEST CONTRIBUTION to mankind is just now coming to light. You see, back in 1905 – over 110 years ago – Einstein discovered an infinite supply of free fuel…With the proven capacity to power the entire globe for the next 36,000 years. At first, there were plenty of skeptics…And the greatest minds in the world – scientists, PhDs, esteemed scholars – descended on Einstein’s discovery, trying to poke holes in it from every angle. When all was said and done, all the experts came to the same conclusion: Einstein was right. Zipping through the air, all around us, exist trillions upon trillions of energy particles. These particles are tiny, too small for the human eye to see individually. And each and every particle, in and of itself, is pretty meaningless. We walk, eat, sleep, and breathe in a world of energy surrounding us at all times. We are literally swimming in the stuff without even noticing! But when you “harvest” those trillions upon trillions of energy particles – capture and direct them in a concentrated way…Well, you’ve got the most massive energy source in the universe. The incredible thing is, the energy is PERPETUAL! In other words, it’s constantly REGENERATING all around us, replacing itself over and over again, second after second, every minute of every day. And the power is beyond comprehension. More Powerful than 20 Billion Hydrogen Bombs! If you capture just one second’s worth of this energy and concentrate it, it’s more powerful than 20 billion hydrogen bombs going off. As you can imagine, the scientific community was in complete awe of Einstein’s discovery. In fact, it was for this discovery – not the Theory of Relativity – that Einstein won the Nobel Prize. And rightfully so. Einstein had cracked the biggest problem facing modern society: an inexhaustible supply of energy – more power than the world would ever need. The great part is, this fuel is ABSOLUTELY FREE, available to anyone with the means to harvest it. And even better, it’s in INFINITE SUPPLY. Unlike oil, gas, coal, or even uranium, this perpetual energy will never run out. As you’ll see in a moment, we could harvest enough of this fuel in just three years’ time to power the entire world for over 36,000 years. A 36,000-Year Supply of Clean, Cheap Energy! So, where does this perpetual energy come from? Simple. It originates from our closest star.. the Sun. That’s right…The energy particles I’m talking about make their way from the sun’s core and travel at the speed of light to the Earth’s atmosphere. Trillions upon trillions of these energy particles make their way into the Earth’s atmosphere every second of every day. And they will continue to do so as long as the sun exists. Now, am I talking about solar energy? Are these energy particles the basis for what we call solar power? Well, yes and no…Technically speaking, this perpetual energy comes from the infinite power of the Sun. But this NEW GENERATION is completely different from what most folks imagine when they think of traditional solar power. I don’t know about you, but when I think of solar power, I think of expensive, cumbersome panels plastered all over my neighbor’s roof. And I think of liberals taxing me into oblivion so they can make everybody “green.”Rest assured, today’s new solar power has changed so much, it’s virtually UNRECOGNIZABLE. I’ll share some of these startling innovations in a moment. But first, let’s take a look at why solar power has taken 100 years to hit the mainstream. 100 Years in the Making. The potential of solar was obvious from the start. Thomas Edison, a genius in his own right, was so convinced by the limitless source of fuel from the sun that he said: “I’d put my money on that. What a source of power! I hope we don’t have to run out of oil and coal before we tackle this.” – Thomas Edison The U.S. Department of Energy states that 173,000 terawatts of solar energy strikes the Earth every second. That’s 10,000 times the world’s total energy consumption.That means enough sunlight hits the Earth every 40 minutes to power the ENTIRE WORLD for a full year. In other words, enough sunlight hits the Earth in every single month to power the world for 1,000 years. In three years’ time – 36 months – we could capture enough energy to power the world for 36,000 years. There was only one problem…Back in 1905, no one – not even Albert Einstein – had the technology to harness this infinite power. Consequently, for decades the world continued to burn oil, gas, and coal as trillions upon trillions of energy particles floated all around us, just out of reach. Harnessing the Sun’s Infinite Power. Finally, in 1954, a solution. Scientists working for Bell Labs created a new way to capture these energy particles and turn them into usable energy. The way it works was a level of genius that would have made Einstein proud. The scientists fashioned a “solar cell” with metal conductors on the surface.When sunlight hits these conductors, energy particles are absorbed. And here’s where the magic happens. As the sun’s energy particles are absorbed, they knock the solar cell’s existing electrons loose. Because the solar cell is made of conductors, it is able to herd these electrons into a current and funnel it to an external device, such as a lightbulb.Creating the world’s first infinite source of electricity. The New York Times stated that this new discovery was: “The beginning of a new era, leading eventually to the realization of harnessing the almost limitless energy of the sun for the uses of civilization.” Problem was, it was still so costly that it didn’t offer a viable alternative to oil, gas, or coal. Over the years, improvements were made. But still, harvesting energy from our nearest star was much more expensive than fossil fuels – roughly 110 times the cost of oil, gas, and coal. It worked fine for your handheld calculator, but it would never heat your home. Until now… Remarkable advancements in chemical engineering have cut costs by a stunning, mind-blowing 99%! Suddenly, sun power has – in many cases – become the CHEAPEST form of energy on the planet! Cheaper than coal.Cheaper than natural gas. And cheaper than oil. In fact, you could cut the cost of oil in half, over and over again, all the way down to $1 per barrel, and solar would still look cheap! You want a strong, thriving economy? You want American workers to keep more of what they earn, and put less in the pockets of the greedy utility monopolies? Well, this is the Holy Grail! Consequently, solar is growing leaps and bounds. Solar capacity has jumped 20-fold in the U.S. alone. That’s a 2,000% increase! In addition, the industry added jobs 10 times faster than the rest of the economy. And while cloudy days were a problem in the past, one new technology is so effective it can collect solar power at NIGHT… while there is NO SUN! With new storage capabilities, it doesn’t take long to collect an inexhaustible supply of power. According to the U.S. Department of Energy, 10,000 times the world’s total energy use is generated every second by the sun…Every 40 minutes, enough energy-filled sunlight hits the Earth to power the entire world for one full year. And the cost? That’s the best part. You see, the sun’s power isn’t just cheap… it’s free. Sure, there’s an upfront cost for the technology. But once you’re set up, the fuel itself is FREE. It would be like owning a car, and being able to pull up to the pump and fill up for free… every time! Let’s say oil drops… from $50 to $25 to $12 to $6 to $3 to $1.That isn’t going to happen. But even if it did, sun power would still be cheaper.Let me repeat myself: The Sunlight is Free! The only reason sun power hasn’t gone mainstream before is the technology necessary to harness solar energy has been too expensive.But suddenly the technology’s cost has plunged over 99% and is going lower every day. As you can see, the cost of solar technology has plummeted from over $76 per watt to about 5 cents per watt in some cases. That’s almost inconceivable. It’s a staggering 99.94% reduction in cost…And the impact is revolutionary. Suddenly solar is now cheaper than oil, natural gas, coal, and even nuclear power in many areas. NEVER BEFORE in the history of the world has one single form of energy had the potential to completely capture the entire global market.That is EXACTLY the potential with solar… Total 100% Global Domination! Jon Wellinghoff, Chairman of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), puts it this way…Sun power is “going to overtake everything… it could double every two years”…He’s not the only expert who thinks so…According to Ray Kurzweil, a New York Times best-selling author and Google’s Director of Engineering, solar has doubled every two years for the last 20 years. At this rate, solar is less than 16 years away from meeting 100% of the world’s energy needs. And Kurzweil believes that’s exactly what’s about to happen: The International Energy Agency (IEA) believes that solar will soon be the #1 source of energy on the planet, pushing oil, gas, and coal to the side. A distinguished fellow at Stanford University and Director of Research at Duke University’s School for Engineering, compares solar’s rise to the proliferation of mobile phones. “Within 15 years,” he says, “100% of the Earth’s energy needs will be met by solar.” And it could happen even sooner..A.comprehensive, 334-page MIT study indicates that there are already enough solar panels to power 100% of the world in coming years.Think about that…Right now, solar accounts for less than 1% of the global energy market. An expansion to 100% in the next 16 years is on a scale we’ve never seen before. And with global energy demand expected to DOUBLE during the same timeframe, we are looking at EXPONENTIAL GROWTH that’s hard to comprehend. And yet solar could DWARF anything that’s come before it… And it’s just starting… with the biggest energy players on the planet making gargantuan shifts away from fossil fuels and into solar.The U.S. Department of Defense. Saudi Arabia. India. China. Google.Walmart.Facebook.Amazon. Apple.GM. Cisco. This fact has not been lost on the world’s smartest investors. In fact, billionaires are now rushing in with full force. For example, Microsoft founder Bill Gates, the world’s richest man – the man who once called solar “cute” – has done a complete 180-degree turnaround and is investing BILLIONS into next-generation energy technologies like solar. Warren Buffett has already invested as much as $15 billion in solar and wind power and is set to double down.“There’s another $15 billion ready to go,” says Buffett. Japanese billionaire Masayoshi Son and his partners plan to invest $20 billion on solar projects in India. Russia’s richest man, oil oligarch Viktor Vekselberg, has shifted away from his oil roots to invest a massive stake in Russia’s solar development near Siberia and Kazakhsatan. Smart Solar Cells As I mentioned, solar cells have always been big, bulky, and INEFFICIENT. In other words, they don’t capture much sunlight. And of the sunlight they do capture, only a SMALL PERCENTAGE is converted into usable energy.Consequently, the cost of solar power has been extremely high, as much as $76 per KWH. The company I’m recommending today has taken solar cells to a whole new level… helping bring the cost of solar power down by a stunning 99%. And the way it works is amazing. In fact, their patented technology turns grains of sand, right off the beach, into highly efficient, wafer-thin solar cells that deliver dirt-cheap energy. That’s right. Sand contains tiny particles of a bluish metalloid called “Si.” Research physicists have determined that Si contains 14 electrons, arranged in four different shells. This is a very unique molecular structure. In fact, Si is completely different than any other element in the entire universe, and IDEAL for converting sunlight into solar energy. You see, Si is able to SHARE its four outer-shell electrons with other atoms.The sharing phenomenon creates a chain-reaction that CONVERTS sunlight into usable energy. It’s a complicated process, and this company has taken it to a whole new level. You see, in its raw form, Si is full of impurities…These impurities inhibit the conversion process, making for expensive energy, once as high as $76 per KWH. That’s what makes this company’s patented technology such a remarkable breakthrough. First, raw Si is melted in a mono-crystalline electric furnace. During the melting process, a stream of Argon is pumped into the furnace to remove impurities and inhibit oxidation.The molten Si is then cast into square blocks and cooled. The blocks are then sliced into wafer-thin slices of pure Si… The technology is scientific genius and creates highly purified Si, ready to convert sunlight into ready-to-use power. In fact, this tiny company’s patented solar cells set a NEW WORLD RECORD for power output. Incredible… and the big thing: the cost…Again, traditional solar cells delivered energy at a cost of $76 per KWH. This company’s technology is so efficient, and creates such pure Si, they are supplying a utility company with solar at 5 cents per KWH. That’s right. This company’s technology is so significant that utility companies are throwing in the towel and buying solar power! Let me repeat that: This company is supplying solar at 5 cents per KWH! No wonder every major player in the world is lining up to do business with this company. No wonder surging demand is so extraordinary they’ve had to set up offices around the world in places like China, India, Brazil, Mexico, Japan, and even Saudi Arabia just to handle the overflow! No wonder people everywhere are pouring billions into this tiny company! Can you blame them? This company is moving fast, and the client roster using their technology will stop you in your tracks. Like when Southern California Edison and PG&E, the nation’s two largest utility companies, signed a deal to convert California’s power grid into solar. Think about that. The utility industry has lobbied Congress to STOP SOLAR. But this company’s technology is so extraordinary, the biggest utility companies in the U.S. are throwing in the towel. And it makes perfect sense. If you’re a government or a company desperately trying to secure energy security, now and in the future, where are you going to invest? Are you going to invest in fossil fuels like oil, gas, and coal? Remember, these are deadly, expensive, and difficult to transport. Or will you bet on this company, and their ability to deliver a clean, endless supply of CHEAP ENERGY… for as low as 5 cents per KWH. It’s a no-brainer! Listen: The Department of Defense just invested $7 billion in a single day in solar. Think about that ..The US DoD is the world’s largest energy player. It’s going to spend billions upon billions going forward. And that includes the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marines. In addition, the U.S. Government – including the Department of Energy – is rushing into solar so fast it’s hard to keep track. The private sector is going all in as well. Staples.Whole Foods. Walmart – the largest corporate user of solar in the country – has signed a deal for solar facilities across the nation. At the same time, Google is investing $157 million in a utility-scale solar project driven by proprietary technology from the tiny company I’ve been telling you about… and their growth is not exclusive to the United States…In China, this tiny company has landed solar contracts with China’s national power grid, as well as Southern Power Grid Synthesis Energy, a subsidiary of China Southern Power, one of the nation’s largest state-owned utility companies.In energy-starved India, where the country is building a solar facility the size of Manhattan, this tiny company signed monstrous supply deals for a combined total of over 46 MW of solar power. In Africa, where Senegalese-American recording artist Akon – a five-time Grammy nominee – has pledged to bring sun power to 600 million people…This tiny company has already landed a deal for 300 MW worth of solar projects in South Africa alone. New Wonder and Smart Battery For storage of Solar Power This company has developed a way to store the endless power of the sun – anytime, anywhere – to be used on cloudy days and even at night! It’s the company that made solar available at night… and sold out in a week! I’m talking about solar batteries…Sleek, wall-mounted batteries with massive capacity. Powerful enough to store 10,000 watt-hours of electricity. The ramifications of this are rattling the industry. You see, until now, folks using solar had to stay plugged into the local utility company in order to maintain power at night or on rainy days. Not anymore…Now you can capture energy while the sun is shining, and then store it for use during the evenings or when the weather gets rough.This new technology could ELIMINATE the need for utility companies, allowing individuals and corporations to go completely “off-the-grid.” Think of it…No more utility bills.No more power outages.No more meter readers… In essence, this gives consumers the key to the kingdom: their very own power company! The great part is, because of the sun’s infinite power, folks who set up a solar battery can harness MORE energy than they need. That means they can sell their excess energy for a profit, and still have enough left over to use 24 hours a day. The Washington Post calls this company’s battery the “coming revolution in energy storage.”Remember: The solar market is tiny, only 1% of the global energy market. With billions of people on the planet moving into solar, you can bet every single one of them is going to want a battery. And with 750 patents, this company is positioned to dominate the market before the rest of the industry even realizes what’s happening. When the company rolled out its new batteries, they expected a positive response. But what happened is nothing short of stunning. “This company’s solar battery grabbed $800 million in its first week.” – Bloomberg Orders were flowing in so fast, they couldn’t keep up. In fact, they completely sold out in a matter of days! “We’re basically sold out through the middle of next year – in a week!” – said the company’s president Nighttime Solar! An Israeli firm says it has developed a way to keep solar plants running at full capacity, 24/7, day and night! This is a breakthrough that could revolutionize the solar industry. Reverse Solar! Imagine capturing “reverse sunlight” as it bounces OFF the earth and returns to space. This could double the effectiveness of solar. Liquid Solar! Harvard’s done it again. This time, they’ve found a way to turn sunlight into liquid fuel. Sunlight-in-a-jug could be coming soon. Solar Paint! Imagine slapping a new coat of paint on your house, and turning your home into a mini-power company. Now imagine turning that dream into a reality for your car! That means no stops at the gas station because the fuel source is literally painted onto your vehicle. Ultra-thin and flexible solar cells! A U.S. patent has been awarded for a solar cell that is 100 times thinner than a piece of paper. Amazing. The solar cells are incredibly flexible and lightweight, making for endless applications in both the military and commercial sector. Solar Roads! That’s right. No need for fuel. Your car could one day run on the power generated by the road itself! Folks are bound to get wealthy once America’s highway system produces extraordinary power. My dear Professor, the above is a small glimpse of the Solar Revolution. All are from the experts. They are real verifiable facts and no fiction at all. We should put away all our differences for the sake of our country and it’s poor folks. We should move vigorously on this path of the Solar Power, instead of killing time and wasting millions of poor people’s money. Now, only cheap, reliable, good and unlimited source of power is the King Solar. I’m aware that you are in one energy committee of the government, and in their eat shots. Please, kindly take this message to them. Ask them to set up hard hitting and high powered organization with dynamic and capable persons to take forward this Solar Revolution. If this taken well forward it could change people’s life in many ways and change the face of the entire nation. Ask them to wave off duties on solar cells and equipment. Provide incentives and assistance to home owners and businesses going solar. Also to the solar entrepreneurs. This could saves huge in foreign exchange and create massive employment opportunities on a scale never heard in the history of the country. All these revolutionary solar companies with their cutting edge products are from the USA. Our government could get all the assistance from the US government to tap the resources of these companies to move ahead with this Solar Drive for the good of all.

  5. Siri

    Life-Saving Solar Water! If you follow the news, you know a severe water shortage is currently plaguing California. What you may not know is that 750 million people around the world lack access to clean water.In fact, 840,000 people die each year from a lack of clean water. Fortunately, incredible technological developments are now turning the sun into our greatest ally against deadly droughts. In fact, solar power is now being used to turn salty, undrinkable ocean water into fresh, drinkable water that saves millions of lives. As the global population grows, and fresh drinking water becomes harder to come by, this new trend is going to be huge, creating fortunes along the way. Billions are being invested, everywhere from the United States to Australia to the Middle East. Make no mistake: The money to make from life-saving solar water is exceptional. Here, in California 40% household gone Solar, and same almost over the country. Most of them get checks – money – instead of bills from the power companies for their excess power. Here, all are in this band wagon, all kinds of financiers, banks, vendors, contractors etc. All are in a mighty hurry to make millions in this mad gold rush. In this, one Indian venture capitalist became a billionaire. His company pioneered a novel concept to finance solar. It works like this. You sign up with his company and they install solar in your household at their cost, total power is free for you, but they get their money from the power company for the excess power supplied to them. Now, so many are doing same and earning big money. Ha..Old Codger, ha..nice and good man. See Solar is doing wonders for the man kind.

  6. sIRI

    Man..Man.. Old Codger, it’s hard to comprehend what kind of human beings all of you are? Nothing good is going to sink into your’s thick skulls. Even, all of you wouldn’t deserve to live in Africa for it’s a better place one to live. All of you should live in the caves in the thick jungles. Man.. it’s owning to people like you this country and it’s poor souls are in this sorry pathetic plight. It’s not worth spending time to replying to you but I’m doing it to put some sense to all of them like you else all would suffer. Man… even with cheap and unlimited oil, Saudis want to go solar for it would make their life better. Due to global warming, now everywhere it’s hot and warm, no amount of keeping windows and doors open and natural ventilation would cool buildings. Energy is not only required for fans and a/c but for every thing for lightening homes, work places and hospitals, transport, farming, etc. These are not luxuries but plain basic needs of human kind. Man… if no sooner better means of energy is found, life of the people in that country would go to worst and not better at all. Do you know more than 2/3rd of the nation’s foreign exchange and the income is spent on import of fuel – that’s energy, and hardly left any money for better things like food, health, education, good road and all other facilities required for people’s good life. Man .. for Solar you spend one time to set it up with little spend for regular maintenance, that’s it, and there after the fuel is free for fever. Think about it, the savings of foreign and money which could be put to better use. When more foreign exchange stays back in the country, the currency rate become stable, that would make the cost of living flat and put more money into the people’s pockets, and they could use it for good living. Man …. At the present Solar energy is cheaper than everything else. We could put up solar cells on top of all the buildings. Also present day Solar technology works 24/7, rain or shine, even in the night. Solar ernergy, it could be used for lightening, cooking, charging the vehicles’ batteries etc. All others are dirty and poisonous and make people sick but Solar clean and good. Hope, that make some sense to you.
    May 10, 2016 at 4:35 pm

  7. Jaya

    Prof Dharmasena seems to be totally misinformed when he says 20% of island is not connected to the grid. True fig is less than 1%. Accordingly his proposal of off grid solar villages is completely out dated. It is this kind of fly by night self proclaimed experts we have to guard against. Our politicians who are mostly untrained in sciences or scientific method should learn to trust our own experts who have faithfully remained in the country when they could have got very lucrative jobs overseas..

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